DIYARBAKIR, Turkey — Tens of thousands of people flocked to Station Square in Diyarbakir, Turkey’s largest Kurdish-majority city, July 31 for the biggest gathering there since a twin bomb attack bloodied a pre-election rally of the pro-Kurdish Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP) last year. For the first time since the deadly attack, the HDP held a rally at the venue to denounce the July 15 coup attempt, but to also warn Ankara against straying from the path of democracy.





Months-long clashes between Kurdish militants and the security forces have left Diyarbakir a wounded city, with the HDP ostracized and snubbed by the government in Ankara. Still, rally-goers vocally condemned the coup bid against President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP), brandishing banners that urged both “democratic resistance” against the coup and “radical democracy” in its aftermath.





With enthusiasm written all over his face, rally-goer Nevzat Ozgen told Al-Monitor, “Lending a shoulder to the democracy camp and being part of it is a duty for anyone who calls himself a human. I’m here to say no to coups and wars in our region. I’m here in the name of democracy, freedoms, humanity and living [peacefully] side by side.”

集会者Nevzat Ozgen的热情溢于言表,他激动地告诉Al-Monitor(注:由Jamal Daniel于2012年创立的媒体,主攻中东新闻,并对此进行分析),“助民主阵营一臂之力并参与到但中去是所有人的责任。我到这里就是为了反对政变以及发生在本地区的战争。我以民主、自由之名以及人与人能够和平共处的权利的名义到这里来。


The aftermath of the failed putsch has seen daily anti-coup rallies across Turkey, and the toxic climate between the AKP and the opposition has thawed to some extent amid universal condemnation of the coup. The HDP, however, has been excluded from a number of initiatives to forge national unity, including a meeting Erdogan convened with opposition leaders in his palace and a big rally scheduled for Aug. 7 in Istanbul. Similarly, Erdogan has withdrawn libel cases against people accused of “insulting” him, excluding HDP members.



Nevertheless, the HDP and the Kurds have taken to the streets to denounce the coup attempt. The string of rallies began in Istanbul July 23 and continued in the Kurdish-majority southeast, with the largest one in Diyarbakir.






HDP leaders attending the July 31 rally called for the revival of peace talks to resolve the Kurdish conflict and an end to a ban on visits to Abdullah Ocalan, the leader of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) who is serving a life sentence on the prison island of Imrali, not far from Istanbul.


“Imrali’s isolation should end and a true peace process should resume. Our calls regarding Ocalan’s isolation are not propaganda, but a call for a settlement,” HDP co-chair SelahattinDemirtas said, as many in the crowd chanted slogans praising Ocalan, who was reportedly on the assassination list of the putschists.

随着很多地方都有民众举行集会,打出口号,赞扬奥贾兰,人民民主党的共同主席(注:这是土耳其左翼政党或者是罗贾瓦地区的库尔德左翼政党实施自治的一种制度,即一个机构内设立一个女性主席及男性主席,共同管理事务。在罗贾瓦,女性主席由女性选民选出,而男性主席由全体选民选出)Selahattin Demirtas 表示:“伊姆拉利岛上的隔离必须结束,同时(当局)应该实施真正的和平进程。我们关于奥贾兰的隔离的呼吁并非宣传,而是呼吁将其落实。” 据报道,奥贾兰被政变者列入暗杀名单中。


Selahattin Demirtas



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